Loan Modification / Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP)
HAMP is designed specifically to help homeowners impacted by financial hardship. With HAMP, the loan is modified to make the monthly mortgage payment no more than 31% of the Borrower’s Gross (pre-tax) Monthly Income. If eligible, the modification permanently changes the original terms of the mortgage.
- Borrower is NOT eligible to refinance
- Borrower is facing a long-term hardship, behind on their mortgage payments or likely to fall behind soon
- If the loan was originated on or before January 1, 2009
- If loan is owned by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac – or serviced by a participating mortgage company
- It is a 1 to 4 unit property
- Must have Total Monthly Expenses (after modification PITIA + revolving debt) that are under 55% of Gross Income
Servicer will attempt to do the following:
- Extend loan out to 30 years, bringing the interest rate down to a minimum of 2% to see if the mortgage payment (PITIA*) will be reduced to 31% of Gross Income. (*PITIA – Principal, Interest, Taxes, Insurance, and prorated monthly Association Dues).
- If loan is still not affordable, Servicer can extend to 40 years (may not be applicable if investor-owned).
- If loan is still not affordable, Servicer can defer part of the principle balance – a Set-Aside – and place it at the back of the loan as a balloon payment (may not be applicable if investor-owned). Important: The maximum principal balance deferment is restricted to the difference between mortgage balance and fair market value of the property.
- If, however, the maximum allowable “Set Aside” doesn’t bring the payment to 31% of Gross Income, the Servicer can’t offer the loan modification program (HAMP) to the Borrower.
Expect the Servicer to give Borrower a trial modification for 3 months. If Borrower will make the payments on time all 3 months, the Servicer will then create a permanent loan modification agreement.
Who / what doesn’t qualify for HAMP:
- Has to be owner occupied (2nd home and investment properties are not eligible most of the time)
- If Borrower previously filed Bankruptcy they are certain restrictions on whether they will qualify for a loan modification/HAMP
- If Borrower defaulted on a loan modification previously Borrower will not qualify for loan modification/HAMP again
- If Borrower is Unemployed/receiving unemployment benefits Borrower will not qualify for loan modification/HAMP
- If Borrower is receiving a short term disability Borrower will not get approved for loan modification/HAMP and might be placed on a temporary hardship instead
- Borrower usually will not qualify for the loan modification/HAMP if they are current on their mortgage right now.